Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences




To evaluate causes of noninvasive mechanical ventilation (NIMV) failure. The rate of NIMV failure in respiratory failure due to chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) exacerbations was reported as 5%-40%. Materials and methods: The necessity of endotracheal intubation was accepted as NIMV failure. The causes of NIMV failure were assessed in 54 patients (45 males; mean age: 67.7 ± 11.0 years) treated with NIMV because of COPD exacerbations and respiratory failure in an intensive care unit (ICU). Results: There was NIMV failure in 20 patients (37.0%). The rates of hospital-acquired pneumonia and in-hospital mortality were higher (P = 0.003 and P = 0.002, respectively) and the duration of ICU stay was longer (P < 0.0001) in patients with NIMV failure. On admission, arterial pH, serum albumin, and Glasgow Coma Scale levels were lower (P = 0.032, P = 0.024, and P = 0.013, respectively) in the NIMV failure group. Arterial pH was lower (P = 0.039) and respiratory rate was higher (P = 0.010) after 1 h, and the PaO2/FiO2 rate was lower (P = 0.017) and respiratory and heart rates were higher (P = 0.002 and P = 0.020, respectively) after 3 h in the NIMV failure group. Conclusion: The present data strongly suggest that baseline and follow-up clinical and arterial blood gas evaluations can give important clues about NIMV failure in COPD exacerbations.


COPD exacerbation, noninvasive ventilation, respiratory failure, treatment failure

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