Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences




The aim of the present study was to determine the lengths of humerus segments in the Turkish population and compare these with the data from other countries' population for use in forensic and archeological cases. For this purpose one hundred and twenty (56 left side and 64 right side) male adult dry Caucasians' humerus bones were taken to measure the morphometric properties of humerus segments. Six segments on the articular surface of the humerus (Maximum height of the humerus (MHH), and the distances between the articular segment of the humeral head and the greater tuberosity (H1), caput humeri and collum anatomicum (H2), proximal and distal point of the fossa olecrani (H3), the distal point of the fossa olecrani and trochlea humeri (H4), and proximal edge of fossa olecrani and proximal point of trochlea humeri (H5)) were measured with an electronic digital caliper. The distances in MHH, H1, H2, H3, H4 and H5 segments were found to be 307.1 ± 20.8 mm, 6.5 ± 1.6 mm, 41.0 ± 5.1 mm, 24.2 ± 2, mm, 20.0 ± 2.2 mm and 23.9 ± 2.6 mm, on the right side of humerus and 304.8 ± 18.9 mm, 6.6 ± 1.3 mm, 40.9 ± 3.9 mm, 40.6 ± 3.3 mm, 19.7 ± 2.5 mm and 39.7 ± 3.4 mm on the left side of humerus, respectively. No significant difference was found in the morphometric measurements between left and right side specimens. In conclusion, our measurements on the humerus have demonstrated that the length of humerus in Turkish population is similar to that of other country population values.


Humerus, anatomy, morphometry, anthropometry

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