Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences






TCDD (2,3,7,8-tetrachlorodibenzo -p-dioxin), an addictive substance in cigarettes, has been implicated in the pathogenesis of pancreatic carcinoma. This compound has not been tested previously for carcinogenicity towards the pancreas, although TCDD is a known liver carcinogen. The present study was designed to ascertain whether TCDD may have a promoting effect on the development of precursor pancreatic lesions on the rat exocrine pancreas. For this purpose, 30 out of a total of 60 male Leeds rats aged two weeks received a single weekly i.p. injection of azaserine (30 mg/kg body weight) for 5 weeks. The rest of rats (n=30) were used as control groups during the injection period. At 6 weeks of age, azaserine-initiated (n=30) and untreated control (n=30) rats were divided into 4 groups separately each, as follows; Group: 1, UnCt (Untreated control rats) (n=15); Group 2, AzCt (Azaserine-initiated control rats) (n=15); Group 3, TCDD (untreated normal rats fed TCDD, 0.038 µg/kg diet TCDD) (n=15); Group 4, AzTCDD (Azaserine- initiated rats fed TCDD, 0.038 µg/kg diet TCDD) (n=15) for 6 months. Rats were killed and pancreata weighed and prepared for quantitative histologic analysis of atypical acinar cell foci (AACFs), which are putative preneoplastic lesions. Both the number and size of AACFs were analysed. In rats fed TCDD, the ACFF burden was higher than in control rats (P

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