Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences

Increased Resistance to the Convulsive Effects of Penthylenetetrazol in the Hyperammonemic Dogs with Hepatic Failure




To evaluate the effect of ammonia on convulsions, 16 dogs were used. Model epilepsies were developed in all dogs by cortical destruction and by intracortical aluminum gel injection. lntravenous penthylentetrazol (PTZ) were given to develop convulsions. After seven days, hepatocellular necrosis were induced by thioacetamid injection. After ammonia infusion, PTZ induced convulsion (PTZ-IC) levels were measured. Also, serum levels of zinc, ammonia, and gamma aminobutyric acid (GABA) were determined. After ammonia and zinc infusion, serum GABA was increased and PTZ-IC levels were slightly decreased in the dogs with hepatic failure but PTZ-IC levels were markedly decraased in dogs which recieved only zinc than in dogs which received both zinc and ammonia. ln conclusion, after infusion of ammonium to the dogs with liver failure, there is a resistance to the convulsive effect of PTZ and zinc probably due to the increasing GABA-ergic tone


Ammonia, GABA, Hepatic encephaloptahy, Epilepsy

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