Turkish Journal of Mathematics




In this paper, we prove a generalization of a discreteness criteria for a large class of subgroups of PSL2(C) . In particular, given a finitely generated purely loxodromic free Kleinian group Γ = ⟨ξ1, ξ2, . . . , ξn⟩ for n ≥ 2, we show that |trace2(ξi) − 4| + |trace(ξiξjξ −1 i ξ −1 j ) − 2| ≥ 2 sinh2 ( 1 4 log αn ) for some ξi and ξj for i ̸= j in Γ provided that certain conditions on the hyperbolic displacements given by ξi , ξj and their length 3 conjugates formed by the generators are satisfied. Above, the constant αn turns out to be the real root strictly larger than (2n−1)2 of a fourth degree integer coefficient polynomial obtained by solving a family of optimization problems via the Karush-Kuhn-Tucker theory. The use of this theory in the context of hyperbolic geometry is another novelty of this work.


Free Kleinian groups, hyperbolic displacements, Jorgensen's inequality, Karush-Kuhn-Tucker theory, log 3 theorem, trace inequalities

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