Turkish Journal of Mathematics




In this paper we study the spectral geometry of a $4$-dimensional Lie group. The main focus of this paper is to study the $2$-Stein and $2$-Osserman structures on a $4$-dimensional Riemannian Lie group. In this paper, we study the spectrum and trace of Jacobi operator and also we study the characteristic polynomial of generalized Jacobi operator on the non-abelian $4$-dimensional Lie group $G$, whenever $G$ is equipped with an orthonormal left invariant Riemannian metric $g$. The Lie algebra structures in dimension four have key role in this paper. It is known that in the classification of $4$-dimensional non-abelian Lie algebras there are nineteen classes of Lie algebras up to isomorphism [12]. We consider these classes and study all of them. Finally, we study the space form problem and spectral properties of Szabo operator on $G$.

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