Turkish Journal of Chemistry




In recent years, water pollution caused by hazardous materials such as metals, drugs, pesticides, and insecticides has become a very serious environmental and health problem that needs to be addressed urgently. The nutritional needs associated with the increasing population also increase the demand for water use and rapidly increase the rate of freshwater consumption. Since most of the water in the universe is in the form of sea water, which cannot be directly used, freshwater resources are limited ,compared to the existing available water. When addressing the purification of all kinds of pollution in environmental research, nanostructured membranes attract attention as alternative solutions for water treatment. Nanostructured membranes, which can be used for filtration and water treatment process, are summarized in recent research. Various types of nanostructured membranes are presented and used to remove salts and metallic ions in water treatment processes. The representations and application areas of these membrane systems are explained. Consequently, new water treatment nanostructured membranes that can be developed and their effective separation performances are described. The benefits of nanostructured membranes for water treatment and their progress in purification are discussed.


Pollution control, nanostructured membrane, nanofiltration, water treatment

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