Turkish Journal of Chemistry




Nonoxidative dehydrogenation of propane to propylene using Pt-based supported catalysts is an active research area in catalysis because catalyst attributes of Pt sites can be controlled by careful design of active sites. One way to achieve this is by the addition of a second metal that may impart a change in the electron density of active sites, which in turn affects catalytic performance. In this study, bimetallic Pt and B sites were deposited on powder SiO2 using atomic layer deposition (ALD). Boron was first deposited on SiO2 via half-cycle ALD using triisoproplyborate as the B source. Following calcination, Pt deposition was performed via half-cycle ALD using trimethyl(methylcyclopentadienyl)platinum(IV) as the Pt source. The synthesized catalysts were reduced under H2 at 550 °C and characterized using inductively coupled plasma optical emission spectroscopy for elemental analysis, diffuse reflectance infrared Fourier transform spectroscopy of adsorbed CO to examine the properties of Pt, and time-resolved X-ray absorption near edge structure spectroscopy to examine the changes in the reducibility of Pt sites. The samples were then tested for nonoxidative dehydrogenation of propane at 550 °C using a fixed-bed plug-flow reactor to examine the role of B on the catalytic performance. Characterization results showed that the addition of B imparted an increase in electron density and affected the reducibility of Pt sites. In addition, incorporating B on SiO2 created anchoring sites for Pt ALD. The amount of Pt deposited on B/SiO2 was 2.2 times that on SiO2. Catalytic activity results revealed the addition of B did not change the initial activity of Pt sites significantly, but improved propylene selectivity from 80% to 87% and stability almost threefold. The enhanced selectivity and stability of PtB/SiO2 is most presumably due to favored desorption of propylene and mitigating coke formation under reaction conditions, respectively.


Propane, dehydrogenation, boron, platinum, atomic layer deposition, propylene

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