Turkish Journal of Chemistry




Studies on natural products with anticancer properties have gained more importance in recent years in order to not damage healthy tissues during cancer treatments or to perform the treatment causing the least damage. Curcumin is a common natural product with anticancer properties, but its low solubility, instability, and bioavailability have limited its use in clinical applications in cancer research. As a proposed solution to this problem, a new mesoporous organosilica nanocarrier (MON-A) functionalized with a 1,2-diphenylethane-1,2-diamine structure capable of pH-controlled release was prepared in this study. MON-A was characterized by TGA, BET, XRD, FT-IR, and SEM-EDS analyses. Dispersion of MON-A into curcumin stock solution in ethanol afforded a curcumin-loaded MON-A-Cur system. Elevated loading capacity and pH-controlled release were provided by the Schiff base reaction that occurred during loading of curcumin with 1,2-diphenylethane-1,2-diamine placed on the silica wall of the nanocarrier system. The encapsulation efficiency was 25% for MON-A-Cur. In in vitro release experiments, curcumin release from the MON-A-Cur system was 0.5% at physiological and endosomal pH values. The resulting low release percentage indicates the presence of very strong interactions between the nanocarrier MON-A and curcumin. This strong interaction showed that MON-A nanocarrier could carry 99.5% of the curcumin without leakage under physiological and endosomal pH conditions without using pore capping agents. At a lower acidic pH value (pH 4.5), 26.3% curcumin release was obtained. These findings showed that the cumulative release of curcumin from the MON-A-Cur system can be achieved in a long-term and pH-controlled manner.


Mesoporous material, MCM-41, MON, curcumin, drug loading and release

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