Turkish Journal of Chemistry




In the literature, there are studies on medical applications using different nanofiber production methods with natural polymers. However, each system has different fiber-forming capabilities. For this reason, in this study, we investigated the production of nanofibers from a biodegradable natural polymer, gelatin, using four separate nanofiber production methods, namely electrospinning (ES), electroblowing (EB), solution blowing (SB), and centrifugal spinning (CS). Our aim was to determine the most suitable fibrous web structure for medical applications and contribute to science in this respect. It was observed that the thinnest fibers (386 nm) and the heaviest mats (15.975 g m–2) were produced by the SB method as a result of using 10 wt.% gelatin solution with a total of 10 mL. With the ES and EB methods, tighter fabric structures were obtained than with the others due to the presence of electric fields. In the CS method, more and bead-free fibers were produced due to the increase in viscosity with a 12.5 wt.% gelatin solution. Moreover, with the concentration of 12.5 wt.%, the fiber diameters of SB and CS samples increased about 2-fold.


Nanofibers, gelatin, nanofiber production methods, medical applications

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