Turkish Journal of Chemistry




Xanthones comprise a large family of heterocycles displaying fascinating biological properties. Many synthetic protocols have been developed for the preparation of natural and nonnatural xanthone derivatives. Among them, condensation reactions between salicylic acid derivatives and phenol partners are highly desirable. Those reactions can be satisfactorily performed using Eaton’s reagent (P2O5 in CH3SO3H). Despite being highly effective with a variety of substrates, this approach presents limitations that depend on the electronic nature of the reaction precursors. The scope and limitations of the Eaton’s reagent-mediated preparation of xanthones are herein presented and discussed. In short, this approach is limited to the utilization of very electron-rich phenol substrates (like phloroglucinol compounds), or to electron-rich phenol precursors (like resorcinol derivatives) via the isolation of benzophenone intermediates in this latter case. Electron-poor phenols are not amenable to this transformation with Eaton’s reagent.


Xanthone, Eaton's reagent, condensation reaction, salicylic acid, phenol, phloroglucinol

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