Turkish Journal of Chemistry




Cancer, becoming increasingly common globally, has a high mortality rate. Despite the much research on diagnosis and treatment methods, the benefits of technological developments, and newly developed sensor devices, cancer is still one of the leading causes of death worldwide. Early detection using powerful and noninvasive tools could be a future focus for prognosis and treatment follow-up. Therefore, electrochemical biosensors can be a strong choice for the detection of cancer biomarkers (such as alpha-fetoprotein, cytochrome c, prostate-specific antigen, myoglobin, carcinoembryonic antigen, alpha-fetoprotein, a cancer antigen, epidermal growth factor receptor, vascular endothelial growth factor, circulating tumor cell, and breast cancer antigen 1/2) due to their advantages such as high sensitivity, excellent selectivity, low cost, short analysis time, and simplicity. Furthermore, electrochemical biosensors are better suited for point-of-care applications due to their mass production and miniaturization ease. This review provides an overview of different electrochemical measurement techniques, bioreceptor surfaces, signal production and amplification, and the integration of electrochemical-modified sensors. Cancer biomarkers based on electrochemical biosensors were given in detail. In addition, studies with MIP-based sensors and immunosensors have been extensively discussed. Integrating electrochemical biosensors with cancer biomarkers was also emphasized as a new research trend. Finally, we provide an overview of current advances in measuring and analyzing cancer biomarkers using electrochemical biosensors and detail current challenges and future perspectives


Immunosensor, molecularly imprinted polymer, cancer, biomarker, biosensor

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