Turkish Journal of Chemistry




Nonisothermal pyrolysis measurements of polystyrene (PS)/ZSM-5 zeolite hybrids are conducted in N2 and thermogravimetric results have been kinetically analyzed with different isoconversional methods. Experimental results show that the addition of 5 and 10 wt.% ZSM-5 zeolite has increased the initial pyrolysis temperature of PS while the addition of 20 and 30 wt.% ZSM-5 zeolite can significantly decrease the initial pyrolysis temperature of PS. Elevated activation energy is resulted by adding low zeolite amount whereas reduced activation energy is obtained by adding high ZSM-5 amounts. The effect of zeolite ZSM-5 on PS pyrolysis can thus be observed to transfer from stabilizing to catalyzing. Furthermore, the pyrolysis mechanism functions of PS/zeolite hybrids are determined by integrating the master plots method with a new compensation effect method, and the most appropriate reaction models are found to be F0.92, F0.85, F0.56 and A1.32 for describing the pyrolysis of the PS/ZSM-5 hybrids with a zeolite loading of 5, 10, 20 and 30 wt.%, respectively. With the kinetic parameters thus available, the temperature-dependent mass conversion curves have been recast, leading to satisfactory simulations for PS/ZSM-5 hybrids.


Polystyrene, ZSM-5 zeolite, pyrolysis, thermogravimetric analysis, kinetic parameters, PS/ZSM-5 hybrids

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