Turkish Journal of Chemistry






Indium tin oxide (ITO) is one of the most widely used semiconductor among transparent conducting oxides (TCOs) due to their electrical conductivity and optical transparency properties. Since the development of low temperature deposition methods, coating of ITO on polymer substrates especially for use in flexible electronics has been a popular topic. The existence of adequate adhesion strength between ITO and polymer is critical in producing a successful film. Nowadays, polycarbonate (PC), poly(methyl methacrylate) (PMMA) and polyethyleneterephtalate (PET) are frequently used as substrates for such coatings. However, there may be other polymeric alternatives that have a potential to be used for this purpose in the future. To evaluate these alternatives, work of adhesion (W$_{a}$) knowledge between ITO and polymers is necessary, and it has not been handled systematically previously. In this study, the interphase interaction parameters and Wa values between ITO and various polymers were calculated based on the Dupré, Fowkes and Girifalco- Good equations. PC, PMMA, PET, polystyrene (PS), polyphenylene sulfide (PPS), Nylon 66, polypropylene (PP), polyvinylchloride (PVC), styrene-butadiene rubber (SBR), high density polyethylene (HDPE), low density polyethylene (LDPE), polyvinyl acetate (PVAc), polyvinyl fluoride (PVF), polyvinylidene fluoride (PVDF), polytetrafluoroethylene (PTFE), polytrifluoroethylene (PTrFE) and polyperfluoroalkylethyl acrylate (PPFA) were considered as substrate material. Surface free energy (SFE) components calculated by acid-base, geometric mean and harmonic mean approaches for polymeric substrates were used during the calculations. In the present study, the polymers that can be used as substrates were evaluated in terms of adhesion ability to ITO, the significance of calculation methods on W$_{a}$ values were also investigated simultaneously. It was determined that the W$_{a}$ between ITO and polymer substrates was directly related with the total SFE value of the polymers.


Indium tin oxide, work of adhesion, surface free energy, contact angle, polymer substrate

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