Turkish Journal of Chemistry




Study experiments were conducted considering the temperature, time, and sample weight parameters in order to model the dehydration by applying dehydration processes to ulexite ores. Data obtained from the dehydration processes of ulexite ore were compared with TG analyzes. It was observed as the result of the heat treatment that the fastest water removal was provided in the temperature range of 150-250 °C and it was very low in the range of 400-750 °C. In order to design the ANN method, 4 different models were proposed with the same parameters in the dehydration experiments and the network structure was determined. The performance of the ANN model was assessed by means of error measurements i.e. absolute error (AE), absolute relative error (ARE) and coefficient of determination (R2). The mean value of R2 was 99%. It was found that the independent variables explained the dependent variable efficiently and the models were very successful. It was shown that the new models can be created using genetic algorithms or hybrid methods in the future studies requiring fewer experiments by following the same process in the present study.


Ulexite, dehydration, ANN, modeling, heat treatment

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