Turkish Journal of Chemistry




In this study, effects of TiO$_{2}$ and ZnO nanometal oxides on cellulose pyrolysis have been investigated. Both catalysts have been synthesized via hydrothermal method and characterized by using different techniques. Catalytic and catalyst-free experiments were carried out so as to identify the catalytic abilities of synthesized nanoparticles. Catalyst-free experiments were carried out at 500, 600, and 700 °C in order to determine the optimal condition for pyrolysis and it was found as 700 °C. Optimum catalyst ratio for cellulose pyrolysis was found as 5% (w/w) for both TiO$_{2}$ and ZnO catalysts. GC-MS and micro-GC analyses were conducted in order to examine the catalytic properties of synthesized nanoparticles and illuminate the content of pyrolytic oil and gaseous products. Results showed that maximum gas yield was observed at 700 °C in the presence of 5% TiO$_{2}$. Maximum activity for both catalysts was observed at 700 °C and the char yield was significantly decreased in each catalytic experiment at specified temperatures, compared to catalyst-free experiments. Both nanoparticles catalyzed the dehydration and decarbonylation reactions and significantly increased the amount of furan derivatives, especially furanic aldehydes.


Titanium dioxide, zinc oxide, cellulose, pyrolysis, catalyst

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