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Turkish Journal of Chemistry

DOI

10.55730/1300-0527.3451

Abstract

Illicium griffithii Hook. f. & Thoms is an endemic medicinal plant of North East India found in the Eastern Himalayan region of biodiversity mega centre. Herein, chemical investigation of I. griffithii, afforded five compounds and their structures were determined through extensive use of NMR, HRMS, and FT-IR spectroscopy. The complete proton-proton, proton-carbon coupling network of compound 1 was determined using 1H-1H COSY, HSQC and NOESY NMR experiments. All the compounds were evaluated for their cytotoxic activity by MTT assay and antimicrobial activity by Agar well diffusion method. Compound 1 exhibited significant cytotoxicity activity against Lung cancer (A549) and pancreatic cancer (MIAPaCa2) cell lines with IC50 values of 15.01 ± 2.69 μg/mL and 47.77 ± 2.38 μg/mL, respectively. Further, the compound 1 exhibited good antimicrobial activities against Escherichia coli and Candida albicans with MIC 7.50 ± 0.28 μg/mL and 7.50 ± 0.86 μg/mL, respectively. The other isolated compounds along with the extracts of I. griffithii also displayed moderate anticancer and antimicrobial activities against respective strains. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first study of isolation of compounds from bark, wood, and leaf along with cytotoxicity and antimicrobial activities of I. griffithii from the North Eastern region of India and could be a potential herbal medicine in near future.

First Page

1468

Last Page

1476

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