In the present work, triacylglycerol and fatty acid compositions of Impatiens balsamina L. and Impatiens walleriana Hook.f. seed oils were determined using reverse phase high performance liquid chromatography with both refractive index and spectrophotometric detections. The presence of conjugated octadecatetraenoic moieties was confirmed by UV and IR spectroscopy. Triacylglycerol (TAG) compositions were performed using an incremental approach and confirmed by the results of MS and electronic spectra. The quantitative analysis of TAG was achieved by careful calibration, introducing correction factors for the sensitivity of each compound. The results showed that both Impatiens seed oils contain the same 23 TAGs. The mole fraction of 15 TAGs containing conjugated moieties was more significant than 88% (for Impatiens balsamina L.) and 81% (for Impatiens walleriana Hook.f.). Seed oils of Impatiens balsamina and Impatiens walleriana contain 43.44% and 36.12% mole of conjugated octadecatetraenoic fatty acids, respectively. These conjugated fatty acids were determined to be α-parinaric (C18:49Z,11E,13E,15Z) and β-parinaric (C18:49Z,11E,13E,15Z), in which isomer β-parinaric represents 23.21% and 26.27% of conjugated octadecatetraenoic acids for I. balsamina and I. walleriana seed oils, respectively. In addition, the mole fraction of ?-linolenic acid in both seed oils was also abundant at 24.5% and 28.2% for I. balsamina and I. walleriana. Therefore, I. balsamina L.and I. walleriana seed oils are potential sources of polyunsaturated fatty acids, especially conjugated octadecatetraenoic acids.
NGUYEN, ANH VAN; VU, ANH THI NGOC; DEINEKA, VICTOR IVANOVIC; and NGUYEN, HUY-TRUNG-KIEN
"Determination of triacylglycerol and fatty acid compositions of Impatiens seed oils using reverse phase high performance liquid chromatography,"
Turkish Journal of Chemistry: Vol. 46:
4, Article 36.
Available at: https://journals.tubitak.gov.tr/chem/vol46/iss4/36