Turkish Journal of Chemistry




The thin-layer chromatography technique (TLC) is a simple and inexpensive analysis commonly used to identify qualitatively the presence of carbohydrates in food samples such as mono- di and oligosaccharides particularly. TLC assay could be improved using image processing software for the semiquantitative determination of this type of compound. In the present work, TLC-image analysis with Silica Gel 60 TLC plates was used for the semiquantitative determination of 6 standards of carbohydrates (glucose, fructose, sucrose, 1-kestose, nystose, and fructofuranosylnystose). Subsequently, the areas of the spots of each compound were determined by digitizing in a conventional office scanner. Then, the segmentation of the images is carried out using software for image processing. The calibration curves were plotted in the Excel software using the average of the areas of the pigmentations obtained in pixels. In this study, the technique of thin-layer chromatography was also used to quantitatively determine the presence of carbohydrates in food samples such as honey, garlic, and onion. Values of determination coefficient (R2) greater than 0.97 in all the calibration curves were obtained. This technique could be useful for detecting carbohydrates (monosaccharides, disaccharides, and oligosaccharides) in analytical assays and food samples without needing specialized analytical equipment. In this work, it was possible to determine the concentration of carbohydrates in samples of garlic and onion that showed the presence of prebiotic carbohydrates in addition to sucrose, glucose, and fructose. Key words:

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