Poly(ethylene terephthalate) (PET) is one of the world's five major engineering plastics and is widely used in various fields. At present, the main catalysts used in the synthesis of PET are antimony, titanium, and aluminum metal compounds. Among them, antimony-based catalysts are poisonous and the titanium-based catalyst products are relatively yellow in hue. The aluminum-based catalyst has the advantages of low price and environmental friendliness, but current research shows that the organoaluminum catalyst has the problem of hydrolysis, and MIL-53 (Al) has good stability and will not affect the environment, so we add a catalyst before the esterification reaction, and uses thermogravimetric analysis (TGA), X-ray diffraction (XRD), scanning electron microscope (SEM), and N2 low-temperature physical adsorption characterizes the thermal stability and structure of MIL-53(Al). At the same time, the effects of different content, polycondensation time, before and after activation and polycondensation temperature on the properties of PET were investigated. The research results show that when the molar content of catalyst is 0.05% and the reaction temperature is 280 oC for 150 min, the product obtained is relatively excellent. The catalytic activity has almost no effect before and after activation, indicating that the polycondensation reaction is carried out on the surface of the catalyst. Therefore, MIL-53 (Al) has great potential in PET industrial catalysis.
WANG, JI; WANG, QINGYIN; and WANG, GONGYING
"MIL-53(Al) catalytic synthesis of poly(ethylene terephthalate),"
Turkish Journal of Chemistry: Vol. 46:
4, Article 30.
Available at: https://journals.tubitak.gov.tr/chem/vol46/iss4/30