Turkish Journal of Chemistry




Mesoporous polyethylene glycol (PEG)/silica and carbon black (CB)/silica xerogel composites were prepared by the sol-gel method as an adsorbent for CO2 adsorption. The CO2 adsorption process was carried out under pure CO2 atmosphere at room temperature in addition to ambient air. The xerogel composites with high surface area and pore volume showed better CO2 adsorption capacity than the pure silica xerogel. After modifying samples with propylene diamine using the wet impregnation method, an increase in CO2 adsorption capacity was observed for the samples except CB/silica xerogel composite. The highest CO2 adsorption capacity was determined as approximately 0.80 mmol/g for amine modified PEG/silica xerogel composite under pure CO2 exposure. According to the adsorption-desorption cyclic stability test, it was clear that the stable samples were obtained, which is a desirable property for all CO2 adsorbents. The promising findings revealed that the xerogel composites can be efficiently used as a CO2 adsorbent instead of conventional materials in many CO2 adsorption applications. Additionally, it can be expected that the xerogel composites can provide an effective adsorption process without high-cost, complexity, corrosion, and toxicity problems.

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