In this study, colloidal CdS quantum dots were synthesized, structurally characterized, and their effect on performance of perovskite solar cells was observed by using them as interface modification agent between TiO2/perovskite. Colloidal CdS quantum dots were synthesized based on two-phase method and characterized by X-ray diffraction and Transmission Electron Microscopy techniques. The average particle size of CdS quantum dots have found to be around 5 nm. Oleic acid was used as capping agent during synthesis to lead solubility in organic solvents. Obtained quantum dots are coated on compact TiO2 layer for surface modification. A decrease was observed when oleic acid capped CdS quantum dots were used at interface, while significant improvement was observed when ligand exchange was carried out by pyridine before perovskite layer. Reference solar cells showed 11.6% efficiency, while pyridine capped CdS modified solar cells' efficiency was 13.2%. Besides the improvement in efficiency, reproducibility of solar cells also was increased by using pyridine capped CdS as interface material.
"Synthesis and application of colloidal CdS quantum dots as interface modification material in perovskite solar cells,"
Turkish Journal of Chemistry: Vol. 45:
6, Article 23.
Available at: https://journals.tubitak.gov.tr/chem/vol45/iss6/23