Artificial catalyst studies were always stayed at the kinetics investigation level, in this work bioactivity of designed catalyst were shown by the induction of biomineralization of the cells, indicating the possible use of enzyme mimics for biological applications. The development of artificial enzymes is a continuous quest for the development of tailored catalysts with improved activity and stability. Understanding the catalytic mechanism is a replaceable step for catalytic studies and artificial enzyme mimics provide an alternative way for catalysis and a better understanding of catalytic pathways at the same time. Here we designed an artificial catalyst model by decorating peptide nanofibers with a covalently conjugated catalytic triad sequence. Owing to the self-assembling nature of the peptide amphiphiles, multiple action units can be presented on the surface for enhanced catalytic performance. The designed catalyst has shown an enzyme-like kinetics profile with a significant substrate affinity. The cooperative action in between catalytic triad amino acids has shown improved catalytic activity in comparison to only the histidine-containing control group. Histidine is an irreplaceable contributor to catalytic action and this is an additional reason for control group selection. This new method based on the self-assembly of covalently conjugated action units offers a new platform for enzyme investigations and their further applications. Artificial catalyst studies always stayed at the kinetics investigation level, in this work bioactivity of the designed catalyst was shown by the induction of biomineralization of the cells, indicating the possible use of enzyme mimics for biological applications.
Artificial enzyme, peptide, catalytic activity, biomineralization
"Catalytic, theoretical, and biological investigation of an enzyme mimic model,"
Turkish Journal of Chemistry: Vol. 45:
4, Article 25.
Available at: https://journals.tubitak.gov.tr/chem/vol45/iss4/25