Disposal of contaminated wastewater causes many serious problems especially when it gets mixed with the ground and seawater. It is, therefore, important to apply any remedial action to eradicate dangerous pollutants from the aqueous effluents and to avoid exposure of this wastewater to aquatic life. The research results discussed herein deal with the removal of Rhodamine B (RhB) and Congo Red (CR) dye from wastewater by using multi-walled carbon nanotubes (MWCNTs) as an adsorbent. Different factors like solid dosage, initial pH and concentration, time, and temperature were studied to understand the behavior and mechanism of adsorption. The maximum adsorption capacity in case of a single component system was found to be 302 mg/g and 300 mg/g for Congo Red and Rhodamine B, respectively. Moreover, the mechanism of adsorption was best described by a pseudo-second-order kinetic model. Thermodynamic parameters showed that adsorption of CR and RhB was exothermic when these were removed from a single dye system. However, the overall process became endothermic for concurrent removal of both dyes from the solution. The research results showed that the MWCNTs could successfully be utilized to remove the dye from the industrial wastewater.
Multi-walled carbon nanotubes, Congo Red, Rhodamine-B, adsorption, wastewater treatment
ASLAM, ZAHEER; YOUSAF, IRFAN; ZAHIR, ABDUL; and AKHTAR, ADNAN
"Adsorptive performance of MWCNTs for simultaneous cationic and anionic dyes removal; kinetics, thermodynamics, and isotherm study,"
Turkish Journal of Chemistry: Vol. 45:
4, Article 18.
Available at: https://journals.tubitak.gov.tr/chem/vol45/iss4/18