Turkish Journal of Chemistry




Marine compound dendrodoine was first obtained from tunicate species (Dendrodo grossularia). It has a five-membered ring, namely, it is a heterocycle thiadiazole, which is found rarely in natural sources. Following its biological activities, novel analogs have been investigated recently. Synthesis of the analogs for this study is realized with uncommon thiazole closure, including methylene-carbonyl condensation. Structures are elucidated by NMR (1H, 13C) and HRMS spectrums. As an alkaloid derivative, antioxidant properties were evaluated with DPPH and FRAP assays and antimicrobial effect with microdilution method. Among the series, 3bc-3cf showed higher antioxidant activity than those having 3 or 4-pyridyl substituents. There is lesser activity for 2-pyridyl activity for 2-pyridyl containing group, which may be a result of intramolecular interactions. No activity was observed against gram-negative bacteria at 250 μg/mL. 3ae and 3ce showed activity at 64 μg/mL against S. aureus and 3ae showed activity at 16 μg/mL against S. epidermidis gram-positive bacteria. Chloramphenicol showed activity against all microorganisms at 8-16 μg/mL. Sixteen original dendrodoine analogs have been defined by close/higher activity compared to dendrodoine analogs and Trolox.


Antioxidant, antimicrobial, thiazole, dendrodoine

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