Turkish Journal of Chemistry




This study demonstrated the kinetics of nucleophilic substitution reactions of butyl methyl chlorophosphate (2) with X-anilines (XC$_{6}$H$_{4}$NH$_{2})$ and deuterated X-anilines (XC$_{6}$H$_{4}$ND$_{2})$ in MeCN at 55.0 \textpm\ 0.1 \textdegree C together with the general optimized method for the synthesis of 2 under mild conditions. Different spectroscopic characterizations revealed the formation of 2 with high purity. The free energy relationship with the substituents X in the anilines exhibited biphasic concavity upwards with a break point at X $=$ H, which induced large negative $\rho_{X}$ and small positive $\beta_{X}$ values. The deuterium kinetic isotope effects (DKIEs) were secondary inverse ($k_{H}$/$k_{D}$ \textless\ 1: 0.702--0.918) and the magnitudes were increased with the change of nucleophiles from weakly basic to strongly basic anilines. A concerted mechanism with a rate-limiting leaving group departing from the intermediate is proposed based on the selectivity parameters and the variation of DKIEs with X.


Phosphoryl transfer reaction, concerted mechanism, butyl methyl chlorophosphate, Hammett and Br{\o}nsted constants, deuterium kinetic isotope effects

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