Turkish Journal of Chemistry




Comparative molecular field analysis (CoMFA) and comparative molecular similarity indices analysis (CoMSIA) of three-dimensional quantitative structure-activity relationship (3D-QSAR) models were conducted using 36 aromatic compound congeners as the training set and eight aromatic compound congeners as the test set. Logarithms of experimental bioconcentration data (logBCF) were used as dependent variables and the physicochemical properties of the aromatic compound congeners were used as independent variables. Furthermore, the molecular holographic quantitative structure--activity relationship (HQSAR) model constructed by the HQSAR module in Sybyl software was used to establish a method to find molecular activity substitution sites of bioconcentration potential by coupling the molecule activity contribution map of HQSAR with the electrostatic contour map of CoMSIA. Pentachlorobenzene (PeCB) was used as the target molecule to design PeCB derivatives with low bioconcentrations. Seven PeCB derivatives with low bioconcentrations showed no significant changes in molecular toxicity and migration, while 5-NO$_{2}$-PeCB and six other PeCB derivatives showed increased degradation abilities. By quantitative calculation using density functional theory, the flame retardancy and insulation properties of the PeCB derivatives were found to remain unchanged, except for those of 5-NO$_{2}$-PeCB.


Aromatic compounds, bioconcentration, three-dimensional quantitative, holographic quantitative structure-activity relationship

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