Turkish Journal of Chemistry




The paper describes a novel dip-and-gauge hand-held sensor device for the rapid, cost-effective, and on-site detection of bisphenol A and arsenic in drinking water samples. Different working electrode diameters ranging from 1.5 mm to 4 mm were designed and fabricated to construct a new electrochemical biosensor. The sensor was employed for the chronoamperometric detection of bisphenol A and voltammetric determination of arsenic in drinking water samples. Bisphenol A measurements resulted in a detection limit of 10 ng mL$^{-1}$ with a linear range of 0-4000 ng mL$^{-1}$. Baby products and bottles have to be completely free of bisphenol and hence a liquid-phase microextraction method has been developed to reduce the detection limit further to 0.6 ng mL$^{-1}$. Arsenic detection was investigated in the concentration range of 0.4-250 ng mL$^{-1}$ with a detection limit of 1.9 ng mL$^{-1}$. The current study showed that the designed electrode array allows low detection limits (below threshold levels), although a bare gold surface is used for the study. Hence, together with a hand-held sensor device that works by simply dipping the sensor chip into a water container, this cost effective system has the potential to be used either by household consumers or for on-site inspection purposes.


Electrode array, bisphenol, arsenic, amperometry, voltammetry, hand-held sensor

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