This study presents the synthesis of glucose-based surfactants including quaternary ammonium salts. Their surface properties and influence on the soil environment were investigated. The synthesized quaternary ammonium chlorides of glucose-based ester exhibited good surface tension reduction properties and formed stable foam in contact with water. The results showed that quaternary ester ammonium salts affect the activation of metals (nickel and cadmium) from the soil matrix after their introduction into the soil environment. This phenomenon can increase the bioavailability of these metals. The introduction of glucose surfactants to the soil increased microorganism activity, which may indicate that these compounds were used as a source of carbon and energy by the microorganisms.
Quaternary ammonium compounds, glucose-based surfactants, synthesis, properties, toxicity
PARUS, ANNA and FRAMSKI, GRZEGORZ
"Synthesis, characterization, and evaluation of toxicity of quaternary ammonium chlorides of glucose-based este,"
Turkish Journal of Chemistry: Vol. 42:
4, Article 12.
Available at: https://journals.tubitak.gov.tr/chem/vol42/iss4/12