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Turkish Journal of Chemistry

DOI

10.3906/kim-1501-71

Abstract

In this study, the adsorption of methane (CH$_{4})$ capacities onto natural mordenite obtained from \.{I}zmir, Turkey, and its cationic forms (CuM, AgM, FeM, and HM samples) were investigated at the temperatures of 0 and 25 $^{\circ}$C up to 100 kPa. Natural and modified samples were characterized by X-ray diffraction (XRD), X-ray fluorescence (XRF), Fourier transform infrared (FT-IR), thermogravimetry (TG-DTG), differential thermal analysis (DTA), scanning electron microscopy (SEM) coupled with energy dispersion spectroscopy (EDS), and N$_{2}$ adsorption methods. Quantitative XRD analysis showed that the major component of the natural zeolite was mordenite, together with minor amounts of quartz, feldspar, and clay mineral. The specific surface area and microporosity of the mordenite sample decreased notably after Ag cation exchange treatment. It was found that the adsorption capacity and the affinity of CH$_{4}$with mordenite samples depended mainly on the type of exchanged cations and increased as HM $

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