A series of dimeric unsymmetrical liquid crystals derived from heterocyclic 1,3-dimethylbarbituric acid exhibiting smectic A and nematic phase are reported. All compounds were prepared by the condensation of 4'-(R-(4-formylphenoxy)butoxy)biphenyl-4-carboxylate with 1,3-dimethylbarbituric acid in ethanol. The mesomorphic properties were investigated by DSC and POM, where the type of phase depends on the length of spacer alkoxy chains and the length of the terminal chain. While the SmA phase was observed upon the heating and cooling run when the spacer alkoxy chains carbon numbers increased (n = 6), the N phase was observed when the length of spacer alkoxy chains increased (n = 8 and 10).
MOHAMMAD, ABDULKARIM-TALAQ; Yeap, Guan-Yeow; and OSMAN, HASNAH
"Synthesis and phase transition studies of new dimer compounds connected to a 1,3-dimethylbarbituric acid core,"
Turkish Journal of Chemistry: Vol. 38:
3, Article 10.
Available at: https://journals.tubitak.gov.tr/chem/vol38/iss3/10