Turkish Journal of Chemistry




Immobilized metal chelate affinity chromatography (IMAC) support was practiced for \alpha-amylase immobilization. Poly(hydroxyethylmethacrylate-methacryloylamidotryptophan)-Ni^{2+} [p(HEMA-MAT)-Ni^{2+}] nanospheres, average diameter 100 nm, were produced by surfactant free emulsion polymerization. Characterizations of p(HEMA-MAT)-Ni^{2+} nanospheres were carried out by Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) spectroscopy and scanning electron microscope (SEM). In addition, average particle size, size distribution, and surface charge were specified. The amount of N-methacryloylamidotryptophan (MAT) incorporated to polymer was determined as 1.95 mmol/g polymers by using nitrogen stoichiometry. The specific surface areas of poly(hydroxyethylmethacrylate) [p(HEMA)] and p(HEMA-MAT) nanospheres were calculated as 1856 m^2/g and 1914 m^2/g, respectively. Protein adsorption increased with increasing initial protein concentration and maximum \alpha-amylase adsorption on p(HEMA-MAT)-Ni^{2+} nanospheres was observed at pH 4.0. Both free and immobilized \alpha-amylase showed pH optimum at pH 7.0. It was determined that the immobilized \alpha-amylase had better thermostability than the free one. Immobilization of the enzyme did not significantly change the kinetic parameters. The storage stability of \alpha-amylase increased upon immobilization. It was also observed that p(HEMA-MAT)-Ni^{2+} nanospheres can be repeatedly used for \alpha-amylase immobilization.


\alpha-Amylase, nanospheres, IMAC, enzyme immobilization, adsorption

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