From the aerial parts of Galium verum subsp. verum L. were isolated 7 iridoid glycosides, asperuloside (1), asperulosidic acid (2), deacetyl-asperulosidic acid (3), monotropein (4), 6-O-epi-acetylscandoside (5), daphylloside (6) and deacetyl-daphylloside (7); 2 flavonol glycosides, astragalin [= kaempferol 3-O-\beta-glucopyranoside] (8) and rutin [= quercetin 3-O- rutinoside] (9); and 2 monoterpene glycosides, betulalbuside A (10) and (2E)-2,6-dimethyl-2,7-octadien-1,6-diol-6-O-\beta -glucopyranoside (11). The structures of the isolates were established by 1D and 2D NMR spectroscopy in combination with IR, UV and ESI-MS analysis.
DEMİREZER, L. ÖMÜR; GÜRBÜZ, FİLİZ; GÜVENALP, ZÜHAL; STRÖCH, KARSTEN; and ZEECK, AXEL (2006) "Iridoids, Flavonoids and Monoterpene Glycosides from Galium verum subsp. verum," Turkish Journal of Chemistry: Vol. 30: No. 4, Article 13. Available at: https://journals.tubitak.gov.tr/chem/vol30/iss4/13