The chromatographic behaviour of liquid crystalline compounds benzylidene-p-aminobenzoic acid and 4-(p-methyl benzylidene)-p-aminobenzoic acid as stationary phases for the separation of dimethylphenol isomers was investigated. These isomers were analysed on benzylidene-p-aminobenzoic acid within a nematic range of 169-194 °C with a temperature interval of 5 °C. Better peak resolution was at a column temperature of 190 °C. The analysis was repeated on a 4-(p-methyl benzylidene)-p-aminobenzoic acid column at a nematic temperature of 256 °C, which represented the end of the nematic range, and gave the optimum peak resolution. It was found that isomer better separation was obtained at 20% loading for both liquid crystal materials. Other columns of different liquid crystalline percentages (15% and 25%) were used. A chromatogram with unoverlapped peaks was only obtained in both cases at 20% column loading. The order of elution isomers under the applied chromatographic conditions is discussed. The separation of these isomers is also discussed on the basis of stereo chemical confirmations.
ALI, M. A.; AL-HAIDERI, A. M.; and AL-MEHDAWY, M. T. S. (2003) "Gas Chromatographic Separation of Phenol Derivatives by Schiff-Base Liquid Crystalline Stationary Phases," Turkish Journal of Chemistry: Vol. 27: No. 2, Article 14. Available at: https://journals.tubitak.gov.tr/chem/vol27/iss2/14