The design, synthesis, structural and physical characterization and engineering, and the study of the electrical conductivity and the nonlinear optical properties of phthalocyanines and molecular substances related to them, such as subphthalocyanines, hemiporphyrazines and triazolephthalocyanines were reviewed.
GARCIA, J.; GONZALEZ, A.; GOULOUMIS, A.; MAYA, E.M.; PEREZ, M.D.; REY, B.d.; VAZQUEZ, P.; and TORRES, T. (1998) "Phthalocyanines and Related Compounds: Subunits for the Preparation of Molecular Materials," Turkish Journal of Chemistry: Vol. 22: No. 1, Article 3. Available at: https://journals.tubitak.gov.tr/chem/vol22/iss1/3