Because breast cancer is complicated at the pathological, histological, clinical, and molecular levels, identification of new genetic targets against carcinogenic pathways is required to generate clinically relevant treatment options. In the current study, ubiquitinspecific protease 7 (USP7), which regulates various cellular pathways including Mdm2, p53, and NFκB, was selected as a potential gene editing strategy for breast cancer in vitro. Anticancer activity of USP7 gene suppression has been evaluated through cell proliferation, gene expression, cell cycle, sphere dissemination, and cell migration analysis. Here, siRNA and shRNA strategies and an allosteric small-molecule inhibitor of USP7 were used to define potential anticancer activity against MCF7 and T47D human breast cancer cell lines. Both blockage of deubiquitination by p5091 and knockdown of USP7 reduced cell proliferation, cell migration, colony formation, and sphere dissemination for both MCF7 and T47D breast cancer cell lines. Restriction of USP7 activity strongly enhanced apoptotic gene expression and reduced metastatic ability of breast cancer cell lines. This study describes one potential molecular target for the suppression of breast cancer proliferation and metastasis. Identification of USP7 as a promising gene editing candidate might open up the possibility of new molecular drug research in targeting the ubiquitination pathway in cancer.
Ubiquitination, breast cancer, USP7, p5091, gene editing
HAYAL, TAHA BARTU; DOĞAN, AYŞEGÜL; ŞİŞLİ, HATİCE BURCU; KIRATLI, BİNNUR; and ŞAHİN, FİKRETTİN
"Ubiquitin-specific protease 7 downregulation suppresses breast cancer in vitro,"
Turkish Journal of Biology: Vol. 44:
4, Article 3.
Available at: https://journals.tubitak.gov.tr/biology/vol44/iss4/3