Turkish Journal of Biology




The psychrotolerant microfungus Aspergillus terreus strain AKM-F3 (GenBank Accession No. KF417464) was investigated for the production of cold-active endoglucanase using sugarcane bagasse. The effects of different process parameters were studied for hyperproduction. Optimum production was found at 15 °C with an initial pH of 5.0 at 120 h. For enzyme production, 1 mM ZnCl_2, 0.01% aspartate, 2% lactose, and 3% NaNO_3 were regarded as potent inducers. The final production gave an activity 3.764-fold higher than the unoptimized conditions. The molecular weight of purified endoglucanase was 55 kDa, showing a 3.464-fold purification increase with a 23.925% yield having 75.279 U/mg of specific activity. The K_m and V_{max} values of the purified enzyme were found to be 0.37 mg/mL and 24.63 U/mg, respectively. The enzyme was more active at 35 °C and pH 4.0, whereas more stability was observed at 0 °C and pH 7.0. Ca^{2+}, Mn^{2+}, and all tested organic solvents were found to be activators of endoglucanase. EDTA had very low effect, whereas the most active inhibitor was sodium deoxycholate. The present study successfully produced a cold-active endoglucanase with novel properties that can be used for the degradation of cellulosic wastes in cold regions and the economically sound removal of unwanted extra microfibrils from cotton.


Aspergillus terreus, cold-active, cold-temperature fermentation, endoglucanase, Jammu, microfungi, psychrotolerant, purification

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