Accurate analysis and classification of medical images are essential factors in clinical decision-making and patient care. A novel comparative approach for medical image classification is proposed in this study. This new approach involves several steps: deep feature extraction, which extracts the informative features from medical images; concatenation, which concatenates the extracted deep features to form a robust feature vector; dimensionality reduction with autoencoder, which reduces the dimensionality of the feature vector by transforming it into a different feature space with a lower dimension; and finally, these features obtained from all these steps were fed into multiple machine learning classifiers (SVM, KNN, linear DA, and ANN) for the classification purpose. The study is performed to conduct a comparative analysis, aiming to evaluate the individual impact of each step within the proposed methodology and also assess the performance of each implemented classifier in order to find a best pipeline for medical image classification. The effectiveness of the proposed approach is assessed using two different medical image datasets. The performance assessment for the classifiers implemented is achieved using overall accuracy, sensitivity, and specificity metrics. The findings show that the linear DA classifier preceded by deep feature extraction, concatenation, and dimensionality reduction reveals itself to be a very efficient pipeline for accurate classification of medical images by utilizing a very small number of features.
Medical images, classification, deep feature extraction, concatenation, dimensionality reduction, autoencoder
KİRAZ, AHMET HİDAYET; DJIBRILLAH, FATIME OUMAR; and YÜKSEL, MEHMET EMİN
"Deep feature extraction, dimensionality reduction, and classification of medical images using combined deep learning architectures, autoencoder, and multiple machine learning models,"
Turkish Journal of Electrical Engineering and Computer Sciences: Vol. 31:
6, Article 13.
Available at: https://journals.tubitak.gov.tr/elektrik/vol31/iss6/13