Fingerprints are one of the most important scientific proof instruments in solving forensic cases. Identification in fingerprints consists of three levels based on the flow direction of the papillary lines at the first level, the minutiae points at the second level, and the pores at the third level. The inadequacy of existing imaging systems in detecting fingerprints and the lack of pore details at the desired level limit the widespread use of third-level identification. The fact that fingerprints with images based on pores in the unsolved database are not subjected to any evaluation criteria and remain in the database reveals the importance of the study to be carried out. In this study, different from classical fingerprint identification methods, a direct pore-based identification system for fingerprint matching is proposed with the dataset created by using the Docucenter Nirvis device and Projectina Image Acquisition-7000 software as a hyperspectral imaging system where pores were visualized more clearly. Although difficult from an operational perspective, the pores in the 800 fingerprints in the database were manually marked for the accuracy of the results. Next, by using a scoring based on iterative closest point algorithm, latent fingerprints were found. Results suggest that the higher the number of pores examined and the more accurately the pores were marked, the higher the hit score. At the same time, query results showed that the scores of other sequential fingerprints in the database which came after the matching fingerprint were even lower.
Fingerprint, latent fingerprint, third level features, pore, poroscopy, identification
DELICAN, VEDAT; TÖREYİN, BEHÇET UĞUR; ÇETİN, EGE; and SARIBEY, AYLİN YALÇIN
"Direct pore-based identification for fingerprint matching process,"
Turkish Journal of Electrical Engineering and Computer Sciences: Vol. 31:
5, Article 5.
Available at: https://journals.tubitak.gov.tr/elektrik/vol31/iss5/5