The tailpipe emissions caused by vehicles using internal combustion engines are a significant source of air pollution. To reduce the health hazards caused by air pollution, advanced countries are now adopting the use of electric vehicles (EVs). Due to the advancement of electric vehicles, research and development efforts are being made to improve the performance of EV motors. With a nominal reference stator flux, the classical induction motor drive generates significant flux, torque ripple, and current harmonics. In this work, a teamwork optimization algorithm (TOA)-based optimal stator flux strategy is suggested for torque ripple reduction applied in a classical direct torque-controlled induction motor drive. The suggested algorithm's responsiveness is investigated under various steady-state and dynamic operating conditions. The proposed DTC-IM drive's simulation results are compared to those of the classical and fuzzy DTC-IM drives. The proposed system has been evaluated and found to reduce torque ripple, flux ripple, current harmonics, and total energy consumption by the motor. Further, a comparative simulation study of the above methods at different standard drive cycles is presented. Experimental verification of the proposed algorithm using OPAL-RT is presented. The results represent the superiority of the proposed algorithm compared to the classical DTC and fuzzy DTC IM drives. The torque ripple reduction approach described in this study can also be applied to all induction motors, not only those for electric vehicles or hybrid electric vehicles (HEVs).
Torque ripple, induction motor, electric vehicle, direct torque control, teamwork optimization, THD
SAHOO, ANJAN KUMAR and JENA, RANJAN KUMAR
"Teamwork optimization based DTC for enhanced performance of IM based electric vehicle,"
Turkish Journal of Electrical Engineering and Computer Sciences: Vol. 31:
2, Article 9.
Available at: https://journals.tubitak.gov.tr/elektrik/vol31/iss2/9