The arbitrary-sharing connection game is prominent in the network formation game literature . An undirected graph with positive edge weights is given, where the weight of an edge is the cost of building it. An edge is built if agents contribute a sufficient amount for its construction. For agent i, the goal is to contribute the least possible amount while assuring that the source node si is connected to the terminal node ti . In this paper, we study the special case of this game in which there are only two source nodes. In this setting, we prove that there exists a 2-approximate Nash equilibrium that is socially optimal. We also consider the further special case in which there are no auxiliary nodes (i.e., every node is a terminal or source node). In this further special case, we show that there exists a 3 2 -approximate Nash equilibrium that is socially optimal. Moreover, we show that it is computable in polynomial time.
Algorithmic game theory, network formation games, connection game, approximate Nash equilibrium
ÇAŞKURLU, BUĞRA; AÇIKALIN, UTKU UMUR; KIZILKAYA, FATİH ERDEM; and EKİCİ, ÖZGÜN
"On approximate Nash equilibria of the two-source connection game,"
Turkish Journal of Electrical Engineering and Computer Sciences: Vol. 30:
6, Article 14.
Available at: https://journals.tubitak.gov.tr/elektrik/vol30/iss6/14