As the traditional electricity grid transitions to the smart grid (SG), some emerging issues such as increased renewable energy penetration in the power system that cause load unbalances require new control methods. Storage of energy seems to be the best option to struggle with such issues. In this manner, energy storage technologies ensure the operating flexibility of the distribution system operator in the power system in terms of both sustainability of energy and peak load balancing. In this study, a grid condition monitoring user-interface and control algorithm is developed for the peak load reduction and supply-demand balancing in a SG system by using an energy storage unit. For this purpose, a battery energy storage system (BESS) is designed, scaled and integrated into the SG didactic test system, designed by the De Lorenzo Company. Online grid condition monitoring and control software is developed for grid connected photovoltaic (PV) system and the BESS in the LabVIEW? program. Moreover, an algorithm is developed that provides the conditions for the integration of the BESS into the system. The proposed algorithm is tested with real daily load data of the Manisa province in Turkey. Also, various case studies are performed to validate the effectiveness of the algorithm. Consequently, the proposed algorithm provides an average load factor improvement of 8.46% and the algorithm-controlled BESS increases the revenue of the system by 3.51% compared to the grid-connected PV system alone.
Smart grid, energy storage, grid condition monitoring and control, peak load balancing
ATICI, TURHAN; TAŞKIN, SEZAİ; ŞENGÖR, İBRAHİM; TOZAK, MACİT; and DEMİRCİ, OSMAN
"Development of a control algorithm and conditioning monitoring for peak load balancing in smart grids with battery energy storage system,"
Turkish Journal of Electrical Engineering and Computer Sciences: Vol. 30:
4, Article 14.
Available at: https://journals.tubitak.gov.tr/elektrik/vol30/iss4/14