Object classification using late-time resonant scattering electromagnetic signals is a significant problem found in different areas of application. Due to their unique properties, spherical objects play an essential role in this field both as a challenging target and a resource of analytical late-time resonant scattering electromagnetic signals. Although many studies focus on their detailed analysis, the challenges associated with target classification by resonant late-time resonant scattering electromagnetic signals from multilayer spheres have not been investigated in detail. Moreover, existing studies made the simplifying assumption that the objects having (one or more) layers constitute equal permeability values at the core and coatings. However, especially for metamaterials, magneto-dielectric inclusions require consideration of magnetic properties as well as dielectric ones. In this respect, this study shows that the utilization late-time resonant scattering electromagnetic signals of magnetic spheres provide diverse information and features, which result in superior object classification performance. For this purpose, first, time-domain late-time resonant scattering electromagnetic signals are generated numerically for single and multilayer radially symmetrical dielectric and magnetic spheres. Then, by using emerging deep learning tools, particularly convolutional neural networks trained with spheres having different material properties, a high multilayer object classification performance is achieved. Furthermore, by incorporating the frequency characteristics of the late-time resonant scattering electromagnetic signals to the classification process through Fourier transform and convolutional neural network layers for feature extraction, a convolutional neural network with long short term memory algorithm is developed. The outcome of the proposed algorithm design is shown to be particularly successful even in the case of limited available data on challenging targets. This extended strategy is also shown to outperform modern data augmentation and transfer learning techniques in terms of accuracy as well as the computational cost.
Target classification, scattered signals, transfer learning, long short-term memory, deep learning
TOPRAK, TUĞÇE; SELVER, MUSTAFA ALPER; SEÇMEN, MUSTAFA; and ZORAL, EMİNE YEŞİM
"Utilizing resonant scattering signal characteristics via deep learning for improvedclassification of complex targets,"
Turkish Journal of Electrical Engineering and Computer Sciences: Vol. 29:
1, Article 22.
Available at: https://journals.tubitak.gov.tr/elektrik/vol29/iss1/22