In this paper, we first design a sensor with low power and low cost components, namely an MSP430G2553 microcontroller (MCU), nRF24L01+ communication unit, and a light-dependent resistor (LDR). Then, connecting these custom-designed sensors with a central node, a fusion center (FC), we form a wireless sensor network (WSN) in which sensors measure light intensities and send their measurements to the FC for final inference. Since the default addressing structure of nRF24L01+ can simultaneously connect up to 6 devices, in order to have more connections, we define a new addressing scheme for the transmissions between sensors and the FC. Finally, as a test case, we consider the task of the WSN in field estimation. The FC learns the spatial dependence between sensor measurements called a variogram. Then, using the appropriate variogram model, we perform ordinary kriging (OK), where the light intensity at an unobserved location is estimated as a weighted sum of received LDR measurements. Our test results show that the estimated light measurement using OK at a specific location becomes quite close to the actual LDR measurement at that location under the suitable parametric variogram models.
AKGÜN, VEYSEL YAMAN and MAŞAZADE, ENGİN
"Formation of a wireless sensor network using custom-designed sensors having lowpower and low cost components,"
Turkish Journal of Electrical Engineering and Computer Sciences: Vol. 28:
5, Article 22.
Available at: https://journals.tubitak.gov.tr/elektrik/vol28/iss5/22