A multibeam array antenna employing a Butler matrix is a promising solution for fifth generation (5G) base stations. Due to inaccurate phase differences between output ports in the Butler matrix, the radiation characteristics could show incorrect main beam directions. In addition, the literature has also reported the issue of high amplitude imbalance in the Butler matrix. This paper presents a single-layer multibeam array antenna fed by an 8×8 Butler matrix operating at 28 GHz for 5G base station applications' a more cost-effective solution for large-scale production. The Butler matrix consists of twelve quadrature hybrids, sixteen crossovers, and eight phase shifters. This circuit was integrated with eight antenna elements at the output ports of the Butler matrix. The proposed multibeam array antenna was fabricated using a low dielectric constant and a low loss tangent substrate. The dimensions of the multibeam array antenna were 88×106×0.254~mm$^3$ . The Butler matrix achieved low insertion losses and low phase error with average values of 2.5 dB and less than ±10 ? at 28 GHz, respectively. The measured return losses were less than $\pm10^\circ$ dB at 28 GHz. The measured radiation patterns were obtained and eight main beams were pointed at ±6 $\pm18^\circ$ $\pm30^\circ$ and $\pm44^\circ$ with measured gains between 9 dBi and 14 dBi.
IDRUS, INTAN IZAFINA; LATEF, TARIK ABDUL; ARIDAS, NARENDRA KUMAR; TALIP, MOHAMAD SOFIAN ABU; YAMADA, YOSHIHIDE; IZAM, TENGKU FAIZ TENGKU MOHMED NOOR; and RAHMAN, THAREK ABD.
"Design and characterization of a compact single-layer multibeam array antennausing an 8×8 Butler matrix for 5G base station applications,"
Turkish Journal of Electrical Engineering and Computer Sciences: Vol. 28:
2, Article 36.
Available at: https://journals.tubitak.gov.tr/elektrik/vol28/iss2/36