Turkish Journal of Electrical Engineering and Computer Sciences




Classification of a synthetic aperture radar (SAR) image is an essential process for SAR image analysis and interpretation. Recent advances in imaging technologies have allowed data sizes to grow, and a large number of applications in many areas have been generated. However, analysis of high-resolution SAR images, such as classification, is a time-consuming process and high-speed algorithms are needed. In this study, classification of high-speed denoised SAR image patches by using Apache Spark clustering framework is presented. Spark is preferred due to its powerful open-source cluster-computing framework with fast, easy-to-use, and in-memory analytics. Classification of SAR images is realized on patch level by using the supervised learning algorithms embedded in the Spark machine learning library. The feature vectors used as the classifier input are obtained using gray-level cooccurrence matrix which is chosen to quantitatively evaluate textural parameters and representations. SAR image patches used to construct the feature vectors are first applied to the noise reduction algorithm to obtain a more accurate classification accuracy. Experimental studies were carried out using naive Bayes, decision tree, and random forest algorithms to provide comparative results, and significant accuracies were achieved. The results were also compared with a state-of-the-art deep learning method. TerraSAR-X images of high-resolution real-world SAR images were used as data.


Classification, machine learning, synthetic aperture radar, cluster computing, naive Bayes, decision tree, random forest

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