Turkish Journal of Electrical Engineering and Computer Sciences




In electromechanical oscillation damping within power system, power system stabilizers (PSSs) are often deployed. However, a PSS is less effective in damping interarea oscillation and is limited by changes in network configuration due to weak tie-lines and load variations. Consequently, this paper presents a wide-area coordination approach that damps interarea oscillations using FACTS devices and phasor measurement units. We selected a static synchronous compensator (STATCOM) and static series synchronous compensator (SSSC) for realistic power system interarea oscillation damping. The performance of the coordinated FACTS installed in a power system depends on their suitable locations, sizes, tuned parameters, and remote input signal selection. Hence, we formulated a multiobjective problem to provide the STATCOM and SSSC's optimal solutions using multiobjective particle swarm optimization. In addition, we employed a participation factor to select suitable generator speed deviations as the wide area stabilizing signal. The proposed approach was tested on different configurations of the Kundur $2$-area $4$-machine test system within MATLAB and Psat environments. The outcome of the nonlinear simulation proved that the multimachine power system stability was enhanced.

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