Turkish Journal of Electrical Engineering and Computer Sciences




In this study, a compact antenna design, which operates in the 2.4, 5.2, and 5.8 GHz (WLAN) and 3.5 and 5.5 GHz (WiMAX) frequency bands, has been implemented to be compatible with the 802.11.ac/n standards. The proposed metal antenna is made of a copper plate of thickness 0.5 mm with a compact overall physical size of 20 mm $\times$ 30 mm. Although it is low-profile, it can work with high efficiency because it has a cheap planar metal structure and it does not contain any expensive dielectric material. The antenna is investigated in terms of S parameters, input impedance, efficiency, surface current distributions, and radiation pattern. The implemented antenna has been used in a USB WiFi adapter design for a desktop computer as an indoor WLAN application. The protector outer jacket of the WiFi adapter has been designed using a 3D printer, and the adapter card and driver are acquired commercially. As a result, the produced WiFi adapter has been realized in a size of approximately 60$\%$ smaller than the other modules using commercially available monopole antennas on the market. The WiFi adapter provides IEEE 802.11.n/g/b standards and supports USB 2.0. It has been observed that the speed measurement tests have been performed successfully and that the download-link and upload-link can reach 600 Mbps data rates. In addition, BPSK, QPSK, and 16QAM with OFDM modulation techniques are used.


Planar metal antenna, metal plate antenna, slotted antenna, dual band, triple band, USB WiFi adapter, WLAN application

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