Turkish Journal of Electrical Engineering and Computer Sciences




Energy harvesting cognitive radio has been considered as a promising technology in the fifth generation (5G) of wireless networks to solve the lack of spectrum and energy. In this paper, a novel wireless energy harvesting relay network is proposed for a multiuser cognitive radio to obtain the maximum throughput and decrease the false alarm and misdetection probabilities. The secondary user (SU) can harvest energy from solar sources while utilizing the licensed spectrum of the primary user (PU). Cooperative spectrum sensing is applied to improve the performance of the secondary network and decrease collision and sensing time. In this paper, the SU can carry out the transmitting, harvesting, and sensing using a full-duplex technique at the same time. Furthermore, we analyze the spectrum sensing of the proposed multiuser network under a data fusion scheme to discover the frequency hole. We demonstrate that the optimization problem can convert into a convex problem and achieve the optimal regulated rate of energy harvesting based on the Lagrangian function. This new network provides improved throughput, precise spectrum sensing, and high energy harvesting compared to the existing works studied so far. Finally, we verify the efficiency of the proposed method via simulation results and show that the optimal regulated rate is determined based on the priority of given constraints.


Cognitive radio, cooperative spectrum sensing, energy harvesting, full-duplex, relay

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