This paper analyzes the optimal control strategy of PMSG-based wind farms during faults in order to improve the transient stability of a power system with a high penetration rate of wind power. The investigated control strategies are the unity power factor (UPF), reactive power control (RPC), and particularly the concept of virtual synchronous machine (VSM). The transient stability level is assessed using the critical clearing time index, which was calculated based on trajectory sensitivity analysis. In light of the obtained results, it was found that RPC gives the best transient stability level, followed by the classical VSM control. Hence, an improved VSM control was proposed based on the transient model of a synchronous generator. The improved VSM has shown a behavior similar to a real synchronous generator, which results in better transient stability performances.
Transient stability, wind power, PMSG, critical clearing time, virtual synchronous generator
ABBES, MOHAMED; MEHOUACHI, INES; and CHEBBI, SOUAD
"Improved VSM control of PMSG-based wind farms for transient stability enhancement,"
Turkish Journal of Electrical Engineering and Computer Sciences: Vol. 27:
1, Article 21.
Available at: https://journals.tubitak.gov.tr/elektrik/vol27/iss1/21